The Game Boy Color (commonly abbreviated as GBC) is a handheld game console, manufactured by Nintendo, which was released in Japan on October 21, 1998 and to international markets that November. It is the successor to the original Game Boy and is part of the Game Boy family.
The GBC features a color screen rather than monochrome, but it is not backlit. It is slightly thicker and taller and features a slightly smaller screen than the Game Boy Pocket, its immediate predecessor in the Game Boy line. As with the original Game Boy, it has a custom 8-bit processor made by Sharp that is considered a hybrid between the Intel 8080 and the Zilog Z80. The American English spelling of the system’s name, Game Boy Color, remains consistent throughout the world.
- Size – approximately 78 mm (3.1 in) x 133.5 mm (5.26 in) x 27.4 mm (1.08 in) (WxHxD)
- Weight – approximately 138 g (4.9 oz)
- Screen – 2.3 inch reflective thin-film transistor (TFT) color liquid-crystal display (LCD), Maximum sprites: 40 total, 10 per line, 4 colors per sprite (one of which being transparent), Sprite size: 8×8 or 8×16, Tiles on screen: 512 (360~399 visible, the rest are drawn off screen as a scrolling buffer)
- Display Size – 43 mm (1.7 in) by 41 mm (1.6 in)
- Frame Rate – 59.727500569606 Hz
- Power – internal: 2× AA batteries, external: 3V DC 0.6W (2.35mm × 0.75mm), red LED indicator
- Battery Life – up to 10 hours of gameplay
- CPU – 4.194304/8.388608 MHz (effective speed 1.0485 (speed of original Game Boy) or 2.097 MHz) Sharp Corporation LR35902 (based on the 8-bit Zilog Z80)
- Memory – 32 kiB RAM; 16 kiB VRAM
- Resolution – 160 × 144 (h) pixels (10:9 aspect ratio; same aspect ratio and resolution as the original Game Boy)
- Color Support – Palette colors available: 32,768 (15-bit), Colors on screen: Supports 10, 32 or 56
- Input – Eight-way control pad, Four action buttons (A, B, Start, Select), Volume potentiometer, Power switch, Serial I/O (“Link cable”): 512 kbit/s with up to 4 connections in serial, Infra-red I/O: less than 2 m distance at 45°, Cartridge I/O