The Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES), also known as the Super NES or Super Nintendo,[d] is a 16-bit home video game console developed by Nintendo that was released in 1990 in Japan and South Korea, 1991 in North America, 1992 in Europe and Australasia (Oceania), and 1993 in South America. In Japan, the system is called the Super Famicom (SFC). In South Korea, it is known as the Super Comboy and was distributed by Hyundai Electronics. The system was released in Brazil on August 30, 1993, by Playtronic. Although each version is essentially the same, several forms of regional lockout prevent the different cartridges from being compatible with one another.
The SNES is Nintendo’s second programmable home console, following the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES). The console introduced advanced graphics and sound capabilities compared with other systems at the time. The system was designed to accommodate the ongoing development of a variety of enhancement chips integrated in game cartridges to be competitive into the next generation.
- Developer – Nintendo R&D2
- Manufacturer – Nintendo
- Type – Home video game console
- Generation – Third generation
- Release date – JP: July 15, 1983 (Famicom), NA: October 18, 1985, EU: September 1 1986, EU/AU: 1987
- Lifespan – 1983–2003 (Famicom), 1985–1995 (NES)
- Discontinued – NA: August 14, 1995 (NES), JP: September 25, 2003 (Famicom)
- Units sold – Worldwide: 61.91 million, Japan: 19.35 million, America: 34.00 million, Other: 8.56 million
- Media – ROM cartridge (“Game Pak”)
- CPU – Ricoh 2A03 8-bit processor (MOS Technology 6502 core)
- Controller input – 2 controller ports, 1 expansion slot
- Best-selling game – Super Mario Bros. (pack-in), 40.24 million (as of September 13, 2010), Super Mario Bros. 3 (pack-in), 18 million (as of July 27, 2008), Super Mario Bros. 2, 10 million
- Predecessor – Color TV-Game series
- Successor – Super Nintendo Entertainment System